programming languages

Frontend programming languages

What are the best front-end programming languages? Select the language that is most appropriate for your company's needs as you prepare your web application development project. In this post, we'll introduce the most well-known trio, which includes HTML, CSS, and Javascript as well as React, Angular, Vue, SASS, Swift, Elm, and jQuery.

At Esokia, we use Php, .NET and Java for the success of your web development projects!

Front-end development: What is it about?

The development of a web or mobile application requires a double-sided work, the behind-the-scenes, called backend and the visible elements, with which the users interact, the frontend.

This front-end development must give a high quality result, since it guarantees the user experience. Consequently, we must not skimp on the power of the frontend languages chosen.


Which frontend programming language to choose?

Each company is unique, so it must be able to communicate this uniqueness through the customer experience it offers. This requires a website with personality and indisputable quality. Each programming language allows creating specific functionalities, which here are, to choose the appropriate solution.


This free HyperText Markup Language has built its reputation on its ability to offer new features on a regular basis, thanks to constant updates. 

A simple but formidable language - HTML, can be used for both backend and frontend web development. It is appreciated for its simplicity, lightness and docility.

A language readable by all browsers - HTML is understood by all web browsers

Quick and easy integration with other programming languages - HTML is easily implemented with other programming languages without much effort.

Easy to test and debug - user-friendly, easy to understand by developers, it allows to quickly find formatting or layout bugs.


Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is a programming language that focuses on visual structure, aesthetics and layout. It is often combined with HTML or XHTML.

A language for user-friendliness - font style, colors, layout and size of columns... The aesthetic aspect of a web page is essential to capture and retain the attention of users. A mission to be entrusted to CSS.

The cascade style - an essential feature for web pages that, for instance, include a lot of different contents.

Saves time - time is a crucial factor in any web development project, and CSS allows you to write code and then reuse it on multiple HTML pages.

Fast and efficient maintenance - no need to go through the code of each page to apply a global change for a particular element. Just change the style for an automatic update on all web pages.

Better responsiveness - thanks to CSS, content is optimized for all connected devices.



Veteran of development languages, JavaScript has not said its last word. Generally used in conjunction with CSS and HTML, Java is widely used.

A "client-side" framework - using a so-called "client-side" model, Java optimizes the load on the server. When the client has the necessary resources, this results in a very fast running language.

Rich functionalities - Java provides attention-grabbing interfaces with beautiful and functional interfaces. The richness of its functionality is based on its ability to support several external libraries.

Excellent support for other languages - Java is cascadable for content management and can support HTML. It can be programmed by developers to retrieve data from additional sources.

A high level of security - the use of JavaScript results in encryption and the implementation of particular security controls in the "side client" framework.


Included in JavaScript, React allows optimizing the usability features. This open source library delivers a wide range of options dedicated to improving the user experience.

Quick inclusion of JSX - thanks to its many built-in features, which provide a base, React allows you to sort elements that are accepted as text, for example, JSX or even HTML quotes, from those that are not!

Quick and easy debugging - React is equipped to facilitate debugging before code execution.

SEO friendly - React is SEO friendly, which is an essential criterion for search engine optimization.


Equipped with the Feed feature, Angular is a development language implemented in the creation of interactive and dynamic single page applications.

Better load balancing - Angular is capable of load balancing on both the server and client sides. This is to optimize the spontaneous loading of components.

Restful API - Angular allows developers to leverage other HTML libraries to create applications using this programming language.

A tool to manage AJAX - Angular makes it easy to use and manage AJAX related issues.

Simplification of MVC models - since it uses HTML in the background, Angular simplifies MVC models with a basic 3 component structure.

Less need for setter and getter functions - Because Angular uses a direct object structure and has a wide range of coding features, it can, for example, call objects without requiring the setter and getter functions to be included.


Capable of supporting both desktop and mobile applications, Vue allows you to create specific interfaces.

Integration of existing projects and libraries - Vue's core library allows the programming language to integrate with other existing libraries or projects.

Single-page design - with its tools and libraries, Vue makes it possible to create complicated single-page applications.

Many plugins - With many third-party plugins available, developers can create a sound application.

Lightweight and flexible files - Vue is easy to handle by React.JS developers as well.



Syntactically Awesome Stylesheets or SASS was created to optimize and simplify CSS. 

To boost the power of CSS - used in conjunction with CSS, SASS enables for the development of loops, variables, import functions, etc.

An extension of the Windows functions - SASS allows extending the standard Windows functions.

Dual coding - as needed, developers can code SASS in both CSS and SASS.

Simplified switch from CSS to SASS - SCSS allows you to simply rename the extension of a CSS file to '.scss', which gives the file all the functionality of SASS.


This open source web development language is a creation of Apple. Since September 2020, mainly used in iOS development, it is also capable of supporting Windows.

Strong support - managed by Apple, which is also the main contributor, Swift is also supported by a large community of users, but also large firms such as Google and IBM, which also participate in its development.

Better performance than the competition - compared to Objective-C, for example, Swift code is 2.6 times faster.

Better error handling - Swift is known to reduce the possibility of errors and code crashes, but also to be able to fix them.


This functional programming language compiles code into JavaScript. It is used to create graphical interfaces for the web as well as games. 

A specific model - with Elm, each domain is assigned a specific set of locations in which it can be run.

Scalability - this frontend language is scalable thanks to a standby compiler, which makes the code easy to read and maintain.

Server-side and client-side support - this language can be used for both frontend and backend development, saving time and resources.


This small library can be integrated into a JavaScript file to model its functionality and behavior.

More malleable DOMs - jQuery makes document object models (DOM) more malleable. It allows you to select object models, add or remove CSS elements.

Excellent animation support - jQuery provides unprecedented support for animations (carousel, fade in, etc).

Animated texts - jQuery to add special effects to a JavaScript file for an unprecedented aesthetic result.

Documented training - this programming language can be implemented quickly thanks to its wide variety of support. Its API support makes it possible to quickly find solutions when an error occurs.

Very good browser and Ajax support - jQuery supports new, old web browsers, but also Ajax features, for always up-to-date web pages.

Let's discuss your web development needs together in order to determine the programming language that we will implement! Our frontend development agency will work closely with you to ensure the success of your project.

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